Genicular Artery Embolization is the best treatment for Knee pain ?
What is Knee pain ?
Knee pain is a frequent problem among people of all ages. Knee discomfort can be caused by an injury, such as a burst ligament or ripped cartilage. Knee pain can also be caused by medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, or infections. Many types of minor knee discomfort can be treated at home. Physical therapy and knee braces can also assist alleviate pain. However, in some circumstances, your knee may require surgical repair.
Types of Knee pain
1. Minor Knee pain
Patients with stage 1 Osteoarthritis will experience modest wear and tear as well as bone spur growths at the ends of their knee joints. However, at this point, it is unlikely that you would experience pain or discomfort.
2. Mild Knee pain
In Stage 2, diagnostic images or X-rays of knee joints will process bone spur growth, and people will begin to suffer joint discomfort even while the space between the bones remains normal. Typically, the area surrounding the knee joints will feel tight and unpleasant, especially after a long time of sitting, rising in the morning, or working out. Though the cartilage and soft tissues remain healthy in size, there is proteolytic degradation of the cartilage matrix as a result of increased enzyme production, such as metalloproteinases.
3. Moderate Knee pain
The third stage is referred to as “moderate,” because there is visible degradation to the cartilage surface between the bones and fibrillation narrows the gap between the bones. As the condition advances, proteoglycan and collagen fragments are discharged into the synovial fluid, and the bones grow spurs at the joints as the surface becomes rougher. As osteoarthritis of the knee progresses, there is apparent joint inflammation, which produces regular pain when walking, running, squatting, extending, or kneeling. Walking may make popping or snapping sounds in addition to joint stiffness after extended periods of sitting or when waking up in the morning.
4. Severe Knee pain
Stage 4 is regarded as severe. In stage 4, the joint space between the bones is significantly reduced, causing the cartilage to wear away and the joint to stiffen. The breakdown of cartilage generates a chronic inflammatory response with decreased synovial fluid, resulting in friction, increased pain, and discomfort when walking or moving the joint. Synovial metalloproteinases, cytokines, and TNF are produced in greater quantities, which can infiltrate back into the cartilage and kill soft tissue around the knee. In the advanced stage of the condition, additional spurs form, producing agonizing pain and making even simple tasks like walking and climbing stairs difficult.
What are the treatments for Knee pain?
1. Arthroscopic Surgery
Your doctor may be able to assess and repair joint damage with a fiber-optic camera and long, narrow tools implanted through a few small incisions around your knee, depending on the degree of your injury. Arthroscopy can be used to remove loosened bodies from your knee joint, repair cartilage (particularly if it is causing your knee to lock), and repair tore ligaments.
2. Partial Knee replacement surgery
During this treatment, your surgeon replaces only the most damaged area of your knee with metal and plastic components. Because the operation is normally conducted through small incisions, you should recuperate faster than if you had surgery to replace your complete knee.
3. Total Knee replacement
During this therapy, your surgeon will remove damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap and replace it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.
This surgery entails removing bone from the thighbone or shinbone in order to properly align the knee and alleviate arthritic discomfort. This procedure may allow you to postpone or avoid total knee replacement surgery.
But we provide the treatment without any surgery or scar. By Genicular Artery Embolization feel free to treat your Knee pain without any surgery or scar.
What is Genicular Artery Embolization?
Genicular artery embolization (GAE), also known as embolization of the knee, is a revolutionary minimally invasive technique that provides immediate and long-term pain relief for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) by limiting blood supply to the synovium, the lining of the knee. It is carried out by an Interventional Radiologist (IR), a clinician who uses X-rays and other imaging modalities to see inside the body and cure problems without surgery.
How does Genicular Artery Embolization work?
GAE restricts blood supply to the synovium, the lining of the knee that is inflamed or damaged in arthritis. By obstructing these arteries, the amount of inflammation associated with arthritis is reduced, which can ease or eliminate the associated knee discomfort. This is especially helpful if you have arthritis that is aggravated by going up and down stairs or going up and down incline or decline terrain. Initial research has universally demonstrated that this procedure shows enormous promise for patients with debilitating knee pain who are not ready or willing to undergo knee replacement surgery, or who are poor candidates for standard knee replacement.
How effective is the Genicular Artery Embolization procedure?
Because there is no incision to heal or stitches to remove, recovery following embolization is substantially faster than recovery from surgery. In comparison to invasive surgery, the risk of bleeding and consequences is minimal.
Patients who receive GAE have reported considerable reductions in pain scores and pain medication use, as well as significant increases in function scores. Only one treatment resulted in these improvements that lasted for several months.
What happens after the GAE procedure?
Patients are discharged the same day, and in most cases, relief occurs in two weeks when the inflammation in the knee lining is reduced, reducing the knee discomfort associated with osteoarthritis. Patients are discharged the same day.
Genicular Artery Embolization vs Surgery
Genicular artery embolization (GAE) is a more efficient and safe treatment for knee osteoarthritis than standard operations. For starters, this surgery is minimally invasive, requiring only a small incision in the skin. In 1-2 months following the treatment, the scar is barely visible. Nobody wants scars on their feet. Unfortunately, major knee surgeries, such as a total knee replacement, leave huge scars that are difficult to conceal. Second, you get to return home on the same day. Knee procedures necessitate the use of general or local anesthetic, both of which take time to wear off. You will also need to stay in the hospital for a night or two after surgery for doctor supervision. You do not need to spend the night in the hospital for Genicular artery embolization (GAE). Furthermore, the technique is suitable for everyone, including those who are at high risk of problems and do not wish to endure costly knee procedures.
What are the advantages of Genicular Artery Embolization?
This non-surgical method yields long-term results. Because there will be incisions or stitches that will need to heal, the recovery period is generally short.
2. Long- Lasting results
GAE has a 90 to 95% success rate in relieving knee pain for 2 to 3 years or longer.
3. Highly effective in reducing pain
Within six months of undergoing the operation, 86 percent of the participants in the study indicated that their pain had been decreased by more than 50 percent. Because of the procedure’s success, these patients were able to reduce or eliminate their pain medication use at the 6-month mark.
Finally, there is another option for treating knee discomfort that does not entail surgery. Geniculate Artery Embolization is a revolutionary treatment that provides patients with knee discomfort and osteoarthritis with longer-lasting relief. Cutting Edge Pain focuses on delivering non-invasive, effective treatment alternatives for a variety of pain conditions. Please visit our website today if you are suffering from this issue and would like to learn more about how embolization can help.